THE historic Paris (巴黎) pact to combat global warming offers hope that humanity can avert catastrophic climate change and usher in an energy revolution.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius (法比尤斯) ended nearly a fortnight of gruelling negotiations with the bang of a gavel, marking consensus among the ministers, who stood for several minutes to clap and shout their joy.
“I see the room, I see the reaction is positive, I hear no objection. The Paris climate accord is adopted,” declared Fabius, the president of the talks.
The pact ends decades-long rows between rich and poor nations over how to carry out what will be a multitrillion-dollar campaign to cap global warming and cope with the impact of a shifting climate.
“The Paris agreement establishes the enduring framework the world needs to solve the climate crisis,” US President Barack Obama (奧巴馬) said.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel (默克爾) added: “Paris will always be connected with this historic turning point in climate policy.”
The Paris accord sets a target of limiting warming of the planet to “well below” 2.0 degrees Celsius compared with the Industrial Revolution (工業革命), while aiming for an even more ambitious goal of 1.5 Celsius.
To do so, emissions of greenhouse gases will need to peak “as soon as possible”, followed by rapid reductions, the agreement states.
On the crucial financing issue, developed countries agreed to muster at least US$100 billion (HK$780 billion) a year from 2020 to help developing nations.
But following US objections, it was not included in the legally binding section of the deal.
(This article is published on The Student Standard on 17 December 2015)
Key Points of the Paris Climate Pact - NYTimes.com
Historic climate pact celebrated in Paris