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South Pole loses ice at 20 degrees Celsius Penguins are left without homes

2020.03.18
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IT has been discovered that ice at the South Pole (南極) is melting because the temperature there has risen to about 20 degrees Celsius. Experts believe this disappearance is the reason why penguin numbers there have dropped over 50 percent as their habitat is lost.

A Brazilian (巴西的) research team there, Terrantar, has set up many sensors to study how climate change affects local animals and the permafrost. The sensors have recorded temperatures as high as 20.75 degrees Celsius. A Brazilian scientist, Carlos Schaefer, said they had never seen temperatures there this high.

At the same time, the green group Greenpeace also went specifically to the Pole’s Discovery Bay, and found that penguin numbers have dropped sharply, going as low as 50 percent fewer, because they are losing their icy homes. There is also 40 percent less krill and this will likely affect seals and whales, which eat them.

 

Amazon CEO donates to fight climate change

IN February, Jeff Bezos, leader and founder of the e-retail giant Amazon, announced that he was donating US$10 billion (HK$78 billion) to fight climate change. The money will go help scientists, environmentalists and nongovernmental organisations.

Bezos made the announcement on social media, saying that he will set up the Bezos Earth Fund. He wrote, “Climate change is the biggest threat to our planet … I want to work alongside others both to amplify known ways and to explore new ways of fighting the devastating impact of climate change on this planet we all share.”

But the online store Amazon itself has problems lowering its carbon emissions. Every year, they send out over 10 billion packages, which go out in lorries and aeroplanes that in turn use fossil fuels and release carbon dioxide.

 

(This article is published on Goodies on 18 March 2020)


1. disappearance (n)
    消失

2. habitat (n)
    棲息地

3. permafrost (n)
    永凍土

4. specifically (adv)
    具體地

5. e-retail (n)
    網上零售

6. environmentalist (n)
    環保份子

7. amplify (v)
    增強

8. devastating (adj)
    毀滅性的





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  1. What happens to the ice when the temperature rises?
    A. It gets shiny
    B. It melts
    C. It grows

  2. Which country is the research team from?
    A. The US
    B. China
    C. Brazil

  3. Which green group also went to the South Pole?
    A. Greenpeace
    B. Green Power
    C. WWF

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