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India on a mission to clean up 2014.10.08
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HIS hands protected by torn orange gloves, Mr Singh has a grim job scraping waste from train toilets from the tracks at a New Delhi (新德里) station. Like an estimated 1 million other Indians (印度人), Singh does the work because he was born into a low caste. His parents did the same work before him.

But Prime Minister Narendra Modi (莫迪), wants to change things so not only those born to a low caste work to keep India (印度) clean. On 2 October, a holiday for Mahatma Gandhi’s (甘地) birthday, Modi launched the Clean India Mission, to modernise sanitation.

He started by trying to change attitudes and he set an example by taking a broom and sweeping up rubbish in a Delhi (德里) neighbourhood. “Often we assume the job of cleaning up belongs to sewer cleaners and don’t bother to clean,” Modi said. “Don’t we all have a duty to clean the country?”

He also ordered government workers including his ministers last Thursday to sweep offices and clean toilets.

India’s fast-growing towns and cities are littered with rubbish. Most rivers and lakes are polluted with sewage and industrial effluents.

Education will be vital if Modi is to change age-old attitudes towards hygiene and purity, and to free India’s ‘untouchables’ (賤民).

Modi wants every home and school to have access to a toilet by 2019, in time for the 150th anniversary of Gandhi’s birth.

(Reuters, 2 October 2014)


1. grim (adj)
    令人不快的

2. sanitation (n)
    衛生設備

3. attitude (n)
    態度

4. sewer (n)
    溝渠

5. minister (n)
    部長

6. effluent (n)
    污水





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  1. The Prime Minister of India is ...
    New Delhi
    Narendra Modi
    Mahatma Gandhi

  2. The Indian government has launched a _____ India Mission.
    clean
    free
    improve

  3. The ‘untouchables’ belong to a _____ caste.
    high
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    low

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