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Poppies mark centenary of WWI

2014.11.19
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THERE have been two world wars in the 20th century. World War I (WWI, 第一次世界大戰) began in 1914 and ended at 11am Paris (巴黎) time on 11 November 1918. This year, the world remembered the 100th anniversary of the beginning of this Great War, which killed more than 14 million soldiers and civilians from 30 nations.

Britain (英國) entered WWI on 4 August 1914. Two artists were invited to create an installation to mark its centenary in the UK. They made a large-scale art piece which visitors could move through to experience it. The artwork is called Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red. It is made of big, red ceramic poppies which were put into the ground around the Tower of London (倫敦塔). The last flower was planted on 11 November.

There are altogether 888,246 poppies – each representing a soldier from Britain and the Commonwealth who died in the war. Poppies are a symbol of the two wars because they were the first flowers to grow in fields where the soldiers had died.


1. anniversary (n)
    周年紀念

2. civilian (n)
    平民

3. installation (n)
    裝置藝術

4. mark (v)
    記念

5. centenary (n)
    一百周年

6. ceramic (n)
    陶瓷器

7. poppy (n)
    罌粟花





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  1. There have been ____ world wars
    one
    two
    three

  2. World War I ended in…
    1914
    1918
    1941

  3. How many people died in WWI?
    140,000
    1,400,000
    14,000,000

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